June 10, 2023

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What is an X-ray scan? Uses, Types, Procedure, and Risks

5 min read

Contributed by: Healthians Team 

What is an X-ray? 

A typical imaging test that has been around for a while is the X-ray. 

Without having to create an incision, it may enable your doctor to observe the interior of your body. Doctors use this to identify, track, and treat various medical disorders.

There are several uses for various types of X-rays. For instance, your doctor could prescribe mammography to check your breasts. To take a better look at your digestive system, they could also request an X-ray along with a barium enema.

Taking an X-ray has various hazards if certain precautions are not taken. However, for the majority of people, the potential advantages exceed the risks. To find out more about what is appropriate for you, speak with your doctor.

If you are looking for an ‘X-ray near me’ for comprehensive testing, this article should give you all the insights you need to find the best X-ray centre near you.

Why is it important to find the best X-ray centre?

An X-ray is used to examine a number of issues, such as:

  • Fractured bones
  • Arthritis
  • Joint dislocations
  • Malignant development
  • Tumours
  • Continent pain (in rare cases)
  • Dental decay
  • Foreign objects present in the body
  • Infection indicators (tuberculosis or pneumonia)

Finding the top X-ray facility near you is essential given the significance of X-rays in identifying serious illnesses and consequences. Lack of access to a high-quality X-ray facility might lead to:

  • Incorrect diagnosis of the illness
  • Poor X-ray image quality
  • Inaccurate results in the testing
  • Uncertain reports

How do x-rays work?

Ionizing radiation is transmitted through the body in a very tiny proportion. This used to be printed onto a sheet of unique film. Today, it’s increasingly common for x-ray exams to employ a tool that will record transmitted x-rays and produce an electronic image.

Healthy bones appear white or grey because the calcium in bones prevents radiation from passing through them. Conversely, radiation is easily absorbed by air, which is why healthy lungs appear black.

What are the types of X-rays?

The X-ray procedure is carried out either at the doctor’s clinic or the hospital’s radiology department. The sort of x-ray that is being taken will determine how you are positioned. There may be a requirement for several separate x-ray perspectives.

An x-ray requires that you remain still. Images might become blurry due to motion. When the picture is being taken, you could be requested to hold your breath or remain still for a brief period of time.

Here are some of the common types of X-rays that are conducted:

  • Abdominal x-ray
  • Barium x-ray
  • Bone x-ray
  • Chest x-ray
  • Dental x-ray
  • Extremity x-ray
  • Hand x-ray
  • Joint x-ray
  • Lumbosacral spine x-ray
  • Neck x-ray
  • Pelvis x-ray
  • Sinus x-ray
  • Skull x-ray
  • Thoracic spine x-ray
  • Upper GI and small bowel series
  • X-ray of the skeleton

Are there any risks with x-rays?

There is very little chance of experiencing short-term negative effects despite the fact that X-rays are associated with a slightly elevated risk of cancer.

High radiation exposure can cause a variety of side effects, including nausea, bleeding, fainting, hair loss, and loss of skin and hair.

However, because X-rays deliver such a tiny dosage of radiation, it is thought that they have no immediate negative effects on health.

X-rays and pregnancy

There is extremely little chance that having an X-ray while pregnant can harm your unborn child. Typically, the advantages of an X-diagnostic ray’s information outweigh any possible risks to a newborn. However, your kid can suffer if you underwent a lot of abdominal X-rays quickly before discovering that you were pregnant.

Your reproductive organs won’t be exposed to the direct X-ray beam during the majority of X-ray tests, including those of the legs, head, teeth, or chest, and a lead apron can be worn to guard against radiation dispersion.

Inform your doctor if you are or think you could be pregnant before obtaining an X-ray. It could be feasible to delay the X-ray or alter it to lessen the radiation, depending on the situation. 

Speak with your doctor if you received a diagnostic X-ray before finding out you were pregnant.

What happens after an X-ray

If you were wearing a gown, you would change back into your clothes once the radiologist has gathered the X-ray pictures. Depending on your particular condition, your doctor may let you go and carry out your normal activities or send you home to rest while you await the findings. 

Even if you ask, radiologists often won’t disclose your test results to you since they don’t diagnose based on their findings but rather refer you to your doctor, who is familiar with your whole medical history and symptom list.

As a consequence, your radiologist will email your doctor your X-ray films and the report and report so that they may create their own prescription report based on the findings. The diagnosis will then be made and therapy will be started as necessary. Your doctor may prescribe more tests to verify an accurate diagnosis, such as blood tests or additional scans, which may be followed by medication or other treatments.

What Should you Keep in Mind when Looking for the Best X-ray Center?

Though it may seem easy, finding the best X-ray centre nearby requires extensive investigation. Holistic diagnostic facilities perform a variety of tests, such as blood tests, ultrasounds, and X-ray imaging.

Here are some key points that can help you find the best X-ray center near you:


X-ray centres located far out in the city’s outskirts or inaccessible areas are a definite no. You should look for X-rays centres that are either located centrally or can be reached easily via public transport or private cars. This makes reaching the center a lot more comfortable and fast.

Registration and Licensing 

According to the regulations and legalities of your nation or state, X-ray facilities should be registered and licensed. Never take a test in an unlicensed lab. Your health is in danger, it’s against the law, and the reports might not be reliable.

Healthians is a reliable and accredited NABL diagnostic service provider which has specialised laboratories and teams. 

Equipment and Facilities

Examining the available equipment and facilities at potential X-ray centres is a crucial step in choosing the best one for you. Always choose facilities with cutting-edge infrastructure and the most recent X-ray machines and equipment. Clear images and more precise test findings are guaranteed by high-quality equipment.

Health experts

The radiologist’s experience and skill are the final factors to be taken into account when choosing an X-ray centre. You shouldn’t schedule your exam at a facility that has radiologists and employees that lack experience. So, before scheduling your X-ray, do an extensive study on this factor.

Final thoughts 

An X-ray test is essential to evaluate many medical disorders. Given the risks associated with the radiation involved, it is not unexpected that locating the top X-ray facility is essential and a must. We hope that this post provides you with a thorough understanding of the many elements to take into account when selecting the top X-ray facility in your area.

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